Anxiety levels of pregnants and their attitudes towards breastfeeding during the Covid-19 pandemic



Anahtar Kelimeler:

Breastfeeding, Covid-19, pregnant anxiety


Objective: This research aims to determine the level of anxiety experienced by pregnant women and their breastfeeding attitudes during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: The sample of the descriptive study consisted of 482 pregnant women at the 32nd week of gestation and above. Personal Information Form, Breastfeeding Attitude Form and State Anxiety Inventory (DCI) were used as data collection tools during the Pandemic (Covid-19) process. The analysis process of the research data was examined under 4 headings. In the first stage, the distribution of demographic characteristics and descriptive statistics were examined, in the second stage, the construct validity of the survey used as a measurement tool in the study was examined, and in the third stage, the reliability of all scales was examined with Cronbach's alpha coefficient. In the fourth stage, the relationships between the scale scores were examined by correlation analysis. In our study, the Cronbach's alpha value of DCI was determined as 0.817. The Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficient of the breastfeeding attitude form prepared by the researchers is 0.717.

Results: The average age of 482 participants in the study was determined as 28.57 ± 5.334 years. The anxiety scores of pregnant women whose follow-up frequency did not change after the Covid 19 epidemic were found to be significantly higher than those whose follow-up frequency decreased. During the Covid-19 epidemic, the anxiety scores of those who received information about postpartum breastfeeding were significantly higher than those who received partial information. The anxiety scores of those who are considering not breastfeeding after birth due to the Covid-19 outbreak are significantly higher than those who are considering or partially considering breastfeeding.

Conclusion: It is important to train pregnant women online when on-site training is not possible during the Covid-19 outbreak. In the Covid-19, it is recommended to eliminate the thoughts and concerns of women about breastfeeding, and to evaluate and improve the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of health personnel about breastfeeding, and to closely monitor the mental health of mothers and health personnel in this process.


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Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Ceylan , S., Kayhan Tetik, B., Ceylan, Özgün, Salgür, F., & Kılıç, M. (2024). Anxiety levels of pregnants and their attitudes towards breastfeeding during the Covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Infant, Child and Adolescent Health, 4(1), 1–10.